Volume 15, Issue 5 (3-2014)                   yafte 2014, 15(5): 61-71 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (9427 Views)
Background : Manipulative skills are one of the fundamental skills subtitles which is used in most of daily and sports activities. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of traditional games and ordinary games on manipulative skills development in 8-10 years old Gorgan boys with educable mental retardation. Materials and Methods: Personal information was evaluated by the researcher made questionnaire and children's intelligence by the Wechsler test. Also, manipulative skills were assessed by the Test of Gross Motor Development- edition 2 (TGMD-2) in pre-test. Then, participants were distributed into two groups traditional games (n=15) and ordinary games (n=15) randomly. Post-test of TGMD-2 were done from two groups after 8 weeks training (3 sessions per week and 45 min for each session). Data analyzes was done by independent t-test, paired t-test and variance analysis with repeated measurement in a significant rate (α= 0.05). Results: The two groups showed significant improvements in manipulation skills, but the improvement of traditional games group was significantly more than ordinary games group in all of measured manipulating skills (throwing, catching, kicking, striking, dribbling , rolling a ball) (p<0.05). Conclusion: It can be said, selected traditional games could be an appropriate program for the manipulative skills development of children.
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Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2014/03/1 | Accepted: 2014/03/1 | Published: 2014/03/1