Volume 20, Issue 3 (10-2018)                   yafte 2018, 20(3): 67-82 | Back to browse issues page

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Jazayeri S H, Delavar A, Dortaj F. The relationship between Personality Characteristics, Emotional Intelligence, Attachment Style and Voluntary Activities, and the Happiness of Employed Women. yafte 2018; 20 (3) :67-82
URL: http://yafte.lums.ac.ir/article-1-2668-en.html
School of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (4922 Views)
Background: Happiness is a concept that has become important in recent years, due to its important role in mental health. Therefore, the present study was conducted to determine the relationship between personality characteristics, emotional intelligence, attachment style and voluntary activities with the level of happiness among employed women.
Materials and Methods: The research method is descriptive-correlational. The statistical population consisted of 12373 women employed in Lorestan's departments and organizations, from which 400 people were selected, based on the Cochran's formula by Multi-stage cluster sampling. Data was collected through Neo Characteristic Scale, Shering Emotional Intelligence, Collins & Read Attachment Inventory, Voluntary Activities Questionnaire and Oxford Happiness Questionnaire, and was analyzed using Pearson correlation and stepwise regression analysis.
Results: The results showed that there is a significant relationship between personality characteristics, emotional intelligence and voluntary activities with happiness (P<0.001), and among the components of attachment style, only the component of anxiety has a negative and significant correlation with happiness (r=-0.20). The results of regression analysis indicated that self-motivation variables (from emotional intelligence components), extroversion and voluntary activities with positive beta coefficient and neuroticism with negative beta coefficient can predict happiness (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Based on the results, it is suggested that managers of employment organizations hold field workshops focusing on the education of emotional intelligence, sporting activities, recreation, and holding happy communities (concerts, comedy programs, etc.) in order to promote happiness and that they pay attention to the central role of attachment and personality traits in happiness.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: روانشناسی
Received: 2018/04/29 | Accepted: 2019/01/5 | Published: 2019/01/14

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