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Azad University
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Abstract
Background: Primary headache, as one of the most pervasive pain disorders, has caused attention to the welfare problems of patients with primary headache symptoms, especially in the areas of sleep quality and irrational beliefs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of emotion focused therapy and compassion focused therapy on sleep quality and irrational beliefs in patients with primary headache symptoms.
Materials and Methods: This study was a quasi-experimental study with a pretest-posttest design with a control group. The sample consisted of 45 patients with primary headache symptoms referred to the neurology clinic of Khatam Al-Anbia Hospital in Tehran who were randomly selected and randomly divided into two experimental groups and a control group (15 people in each group). The experimental groups underwent emotion focused therapy and compassion focused therapy. Sleep quality and irrational beliefs questionnaires were used as research tools. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 24 and analysis of covariance.
Results: The results showed that in the post-test stage after controlling the effect of pre-test on sleep quality (F = 17.04, df = 2 and p <0.01) and irrational beliefs (F = 77.27, df = 2 and P <0.01) There is a significant difference between research groups. The results of  Bonferoni following test for two-by-two comparisons in sleep quality variables and irrational beliefs in the post-test stage between research groups showed that emotion focused therapy and compassion focused therapy on sleep quality variable (p <0.01) and belief variable Irrational (p <0.01) had a significant effect but there was no significant difference between the compassion-based treatment group and the control group (p <0.05).
Conclusion: emotion focused therapy and compassion focused therapy are two appropriate treatments to increase sleep quality and reduce the irrational beliefs of patients with early headache symptoms. By participating in group sessions of these two therapies, patients achieve adaptive and positive coping strategies to control attacks as much as possible and improve headache symptoms.



 
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: روانشناسی
Received: 2021/02/16 | Accepted: 2021/05/2

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