Volume 21, Issue 1 (5-2019)                   yafte 2019, 21(1): 99-110 | Back to browse issues page

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Department of Physical Education, Mahallat Branch, Islamic Azad University
Abstract:   (2956 Views)
Background: A reduction in physical activity levels in the elderly causes diseases. Weight bearing is one of the problems of exercising in the elderly. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of water-based training period on adropin levels, insulin resistance, and lipid profiles in elderly men.
Materials and Methods: Twenty elderly men (69.5±3.62) were divided randomly into two groups of aerobic aquatic training and control (n=10). The training group participated in 8 weeks of training in water. Before and after intervention, blood sampling was performed to measure the serum levels of adropin, glucose, insulin, triglyceride, total cholesterol, LDL, HDL, and insulin resistance. To analyze the data, a mixed analysis of variance was used.
Results: Weight (P=0.002), BMI (P=0.002), insulin (P=0.001), glucose (P=0.008), insulin resistance (P=0.001), triglyceride (P=0.001), total cholesterol (P=0.001), LDL (P=0.015), adropin (P=0.001) and HDL (P=0.001) in the training group showed a significant improvement compared to the control group.
Conclusion: It is possible that aerobic water-based exercise decreases insulin resistance and improves lipid profiles in older men, leading to improved diabetes markers. It seems that adropin plays a role in this regard. Therefore, one of the most effective methods for preventing, controlling or improving diseases, especially metabolic syndrome in older people, is probably the use of water-based exercises. Especially given that these exercises reduce the problem of weight bearing in the elderly.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: بهداشت خانواده
Received: 2018/11/26 | Accepted: 2019/05/29 | Published: 2019/06/8

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