Submision Instruction

1: Type of Manuscripts Considered
Five types of articles will be accepted for publication in this journal:
Original Article
Case(s) Report
Review Article
Covering letter: By submitting a manuscript, authors certify that they are reporting original work not previously published, in review, or in press. In addition, authors must declare any financial support or relationships that may pose conflict of interest in covering letter.
Original Article:
Original articles are limited to 6000 words including references. Body of Manuscript should include Title Page, Structured Abstract, Introduction, Materials & Methods, Results, Discussion & Conclusion, Acknowledgments, Tables, figures, References and Appendices (if applicable).
Case Reports:
Case Reports are limited to 2,500 words including references. Body of Case Report Manuscript should include: Title Page, Structured Abstract, Introduction, Case presentation, Discussion & Conclusion, Acknowledgments, References and Appendices (if applicable).
Review Article: Review Article on selected topics should provide an up-to-date and authoritative review of a topic in any area of Clinical Pediatrics. These are generally invited by the editor, but authors may otherwise suggest writing a Review Article on an issue of interest. At least 3 references must belong to the authors.

Preparation of Manuscript
The manuscript should be typed in Microsoft Word, single-spaced on A4 size paper with 2.5 cm margins on both sides in B Nazanin, font size 12. The manuscript should include: Title page; Abstract; Introduction; Method; Results; Discussion & conclusion; Acknowledgement; conflict of interest; References and Appendices (if applicable).
Full title page should include the complete title of the manuscript, the name of all authors with their department or institution, the school, university or research center to which they are affiliated, city and country, address for correspondence with telephone numbers, e-mail, and fax number, all in Persian. The same precise information should be also brought in the English abstract. If the article is the result of a research proposal or a thesis/dissertation, the name of the funding organization/ institution, as well as the project code should be mentioned.
The Abstract: All original articles must be accompanied by a structured abstract of 250 words containing Background, Methods, Results, and Conclusion followed by 3 to 5 Keywords. To write key words use terms from the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) list of index medicos ( Authors need to be careful that the abstract reflects the content of the article accurately.
Introduction: State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background and logical reason to conduct and write the article.
Methods: This should include:
• Exact method or observation or experiment (study design, system characteristic, statistical population, sample size, study context, sampling method, and materials)
• Exact method and tools for data collection (Data collection tools, tools design & Implementation, reliability & validity of tools)
• Analysis methods & ethical considerations (Statistical methods & software, statistical tests, Units of Measurement) 
• Findings that include multiple informational points should be presented by tables and graphs and a brief explanation in the text.
• The contents of the tables and graphs should not be all repeated in the text.
• Results should be clear and concise.
• Both tables and figures should be clear and a reference to their number may be given. In figures, the caption should be placed below and in tables should be placed above.
• Place explanatory matters in footnote.
Discussion & conclusion: This should include;
• Main findings
• This should emphasize the present findings and the variations or similarities with other work done in the field by other works.
• Data or other instances presented in the introduction or results, should not be repeated in detail in this section.
• The reasons for approval or rejection of other findings.
• Strengths and limitation of study
• Describes the unexpected findings
• Final Conclusion 
Acknowledgement: All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship, financial and material support should be covered in the acknowledgement section. Financial and material support should also be acknowledged. This section is optional.
Tables: In limited numbers should be submitted with the captions placed above. Do not submit tables as photographs. Place explanatory matters in footnotes, not in the heading.
Figures: Should be in limited numbers, with high quality artwork and mounted on separate pages. The captions should be placed below. The same data should not be presented in tables, fissures and text, simultaneously.
References: All manuscripts should be accompanied by relevant references. 
• References should be in English
• References should be numbered in the order mentioned in the text in ( )
• The name of journals must be abbreviated (according to PubMed), for example International Journal of Nursing Studies: Int. J. Nurs. Stud.
Articles in Journals:
Surnames and initials of the first six authors. Title of manuscript. Name of journal (abbreviated according to PubMed) Year; Vol (no): Pages.
• Ammenwerth E, Schnell-Inderst P, Machan C, Siebert U. The effect of electronic prescribing on medication errors and adverse drug events: a systematic review. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2008; 15(5): 585-600. 
More than six authors:
Surnames and initials of the first six authors followed by et al. Title of manuscript. Name of journal (abbreviated according to PubMed) Year; Vol (no): Pages.
• Garg AX, Adhikari NK, McDonald H, Rosas-Arellano MP, Devereaux PJ, Beyene J, et al. Effects of computerized clinical decision support systems on practitioner performance and patient outcomes: a systematic review. JAMA. 2005; 293(10): 1223-38.
Surname and initials of the author(s).Name of the book. Edition no. Place of publication: Publisher; Year: Pages.
• Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002.
Chapter in a book:
Surname and initials of the author(s) of the chapter. Title of the chapter. In: surname and initials of the author(s). Name of the book. Edition no. Place of publication: Publisher; Year: Pages.
• Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002. p. 93-113.
Note: If any of the references is in another language rather than English, it should be written after the reference. The example for original article is as below:
• Saeedbakhsh S, Ehteshami A, Kasaei Isfahani M. Evaluating the Medical Records Module of the Selected Hospital Information System Software in Hospitals of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran, According to ISO 9241-10. Health Information Management. 2012; 9(4): 490-501. Persian 
Organization as author:
• Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Hypertension, insulin, and pro-insulin in participants with impaired glucose tolerance. Hypertension. 2002;40(5):679-86.
Conference proceedings:
Surname and initials of editors’ names, title of the proceedings, number of the conference, conference day(s), month, and year, place of conference (city and country), place of publication (city), name of publisher, year of publication.
• Harnden P, Joffe JK, Jones WG, editors. Germ cell tumors. Proceedings of the 5th Germ Cell Tumors Conference; 2001 Sep 13-15; Leeds, UK. New York: Springer; 2002.
Conference Paper:
Surname and initials of the author(s) names, title of the paper, family name and the initial letter of the editors’ names, title of the proceedings, number of the conference, conference day(s), month and year, conference city and country, the city and the name of publisher, year of publication, the first and the last page of the paper
• Christensen S, Oppacher F. An analysis of Koza's computational effort statistic for genetic programming. In: Foster JA, Lutton E, Miller J, Ryan C, Tettamanzi AG, editors. Genetic programming. EuroGP 2002: Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Genetic Programming; 2002 Apr 3-5; Kinsdale, Ireland. Berlin: Springer; 2002. p. 182-91.
Dissertation/ Thesis:
Surname and initials of the author(s) of the thesis. (Dissertation). Title of the Thesis. City: University; Year: pages.
• Borkowski MM. Infant sleep and feeding: a telephone survey of Hispanic Americans [Dissertation]. Mount Pleasant (MI): Central Michigan University; 2002.
Citing materials on the Internet:
Author (s). Title. [cited date]. Available from: http://....
•McCook A. Pre-diabetic Condition Linked to Memory Loss. [cited 2011 Mar 16]. Available
For more detailed information about other references, please refer to the:
Abbreviations and symbols:
• Use only standard abbreviations.
• Avoid using them in the title and abstract.
• The full term for which an abbreviation stands should precede its first use in the text unless it is a standard unit of measurement.
• The name of the non-Persian individuals in the text should be written in English.
Legal Considerations:
• All authors are responsible for the accuracy of the content, and for responding to any claim related to authors’ intellectual property rights or contents.
• The submitted manuscript should not already be published or under-publication in any other journal. If the article is presented in the English journals, this must be announced with complete information.
• The journal has no responsibility for any claims raised among the authors or between the authors and other authorities.
• The journal is free to accept or reject the manuscripts. It also has the right to summarize the papers and edit the references as well as the content of the papers scientifically and literally.
• The authors are responsible to individuals or organizations mentioned in the acknowledgment.
• Upon the acceptance of the paper, the publishing right belongs only to the Yafteh journal. 
Ethical guidelines: Ethical considerations must be addressed in the Materials and Methods section. 1) Please state that informed consent was obtained from all human adult participants and from the parents of legal guardians of minors. Include the name of the appropriate institutional review board that approved the project. 2) Indicate in the text that the maintenance and care of experimental animals comply with the National Institutes of Health guidelines for the humane use of laboratory animals, or those of your Institute or agency.
Reviewing Policies:
• The papers will be reviewed, criticized and evaluated by the Scientific Committee and Peer-Reviewers. The editorial board is free to edit and modify the papers.
• Received papers are appraised by at least two anonymous reviewers selected by the Editorial Board, based on the evaluation checklist.
The corresponding author is notified as soon as possible of the editor's decision to accept, reject, or require modifications.
• After applying the revisions, the paper will be appraised again.
• Upon the final confirmation of the paper, the acceptance letter for publishing it would be submitted to the corresponding author.
Accepted paper is scheduled for the next available issue.
• Ethical issues and participants’ rights must be mentioned and observed in the research; otherwise, the paper will be rejected. 
Conflicts of interest:
Authors must acknowledge and declare any sources of funding and potential conflicting interest. Such as receiving funds or fees by, or holding stocks and shares in, an organization that may profit or lose through publication of your paper. Declaring a competing interest will not lead to automatic rejection of the paper, but its reporting is essential.
Appeal and complaint cases are handled within the scope of COPE guidelines by the Editorial Board of the journal. Appeals should be based on the scientific content of the manuscript. The final decision on the appeal and complaint is made by Editor in Chief. An Ombudsperson or the Ethical Editor is assigned to resolve cases that cannot be resolved internally. Authors should get in contact with the Editor in Chief regarding their appeals and complaints via e-mail at
Page charges: There is no charge for publication in this journal.
 The Final Checklist
 The authors must ensure that before submitting the manuscript for publication, they have taken care of the following:
 1) Title page should contain the title, name of the author/co-authors, their qualifications, designation & institutions they are affiliated with and mailing address for future correspondence, E-mail address, Phone & Fax number.
 2) Abstract in Structured format up to 250 works.
 3) References mentioned as stated in the Instruction to Authors section.
 4) Tables should be typed on separate pages.
 5) Make sure for Headings of Tables, their numbers and Captions of illustrations. Don’t repeat the information in tables if it is covered in the text.
 6) Photographs/illustrations along with their captions.
 7) Manuscript in Triplicate
 8) Letter of Undertaking signed by all the authors.
 9) Disclosure regarding sources of funding and conflict of interest, if any besides approval of the study from respective Ethics Committee/Institution Review Board.
 10) Covering Letter
Article Submission
Researchers and authors could send their articles via journal official website:
If the authors do not follow the policy of the journal, it may result in rejection or delay in appraisal procedure and publishing. 

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