Volume 15, Number 5 (3-2014)                   yafte 2014, 15(5): 23-29 | Back to browse issues page


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Mohsenzadeh A, saket S, Ahmadipour S, Baharvand B. prevalence and types of congenital heart disease in babies born in the city of Khorramabad (2007- 2011). yafte. 2014; 15 (5) :23-29
URL: http://yafte.lums.ac.ir/article-1-1490-en.html

Associate Professor
Abstract:   (4242 Views)
Background: Congenital heart disease is the most common congenital malformations in newborns. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and types of congenital heart disease in babies born in the city of Khorramabad. Materials and Methods: The present study was a descriptive cross-sectional. Sampling method was census. All babies born in the city of Khorramabad from 2007 to 2011, whom their first echocardiogram was diagnosed with congenital heart disease, were studied. The studied variables included sex, premature birth, cyanosis, anomalies of other organs, maternal age over 40 years, consanguineous parents, drug use during pregnancy, maternal medical history, a history of congenital heart disease in the mother and types of heart abnormality. Data collected through questionnaire and statistically analyzed by SPSS software. Results: Of 43195 newborns177 cases had congenital heart disease. The incidence of congenital heart disease per 1,000 live births in the study was 4.2. In this study ventricular septal defect (44%) and atrial septal defect (21 %) were the most common congenital malformations of the heart. 63.8% of neonates with congenital heart disease were male(p=0.005), 80.4 % term infants(p<0.001) , 93.5 % of them had no cyanosis, consanguineous parents 28%,congenital heart diseases in parents 10.3 %, history of diabetes in 9.3 % of mothers and 5.6% of newborns had other anomalies such as cleft lip and palate. Conclusion: In this study, ventricular septal defect and atrial septal defect were the most common congenital malformations of the heart and frequency of boys was approximately twice of girl.
Full-Text [PDF 176 kb]   (1561 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2014/03/1 | Accepted: 2014/03/1 | Published: 2014/03/1

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