Volume 17, Issue 4 (2-2016)                   yafte 2016, 17(4): 35-44 | Back to browse issues page

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Falahi E, Najafi A, Tondkar P, Karami M, Roosta S. The relationship between dietary intake of calcium and vitamin D and metabolic syndrome and its components. yafte. 2016; 17 (4) :35-44
URL: http://yafte.lums.ac.ir/article-1-2137-en.html
Lorestan University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (2785 Views)

Background : Past studies have shown that dairy intake have an inverse association with metabolic syndrome. Although the underlying mechanism is not completely clear, it seems that vitamin D and calcium are two main factors responsible for this positive association.

The aim of this study was to determine the association between dietary calcium intake and vitamin D and metabolic syndrome and its components.

Materials and Methods: In this cross sectional study, 973 individuals (237 males and 736 females) from the residents of Khorramabad were selected using randomized multi-stage cluster sampling method. Dietary intakes of people, by use of a food frequency questionnaire (201 items), were evaluated and using Nutritionist 4 software were analyzed. Venous blood samples were collected to measure the metabolic variables and blood pressure were measured .Metabolic syndrome according to American Heart Association (AHA) criteria was defined.

Results: The findings showed that there is a significant relationship between marital status and metabolic syndrome (p=0.001).  Also there is a significant relationship between education and risk of metabolic syndrome (p=0.001).

There was a significant inverse correlation between vitamin D and increased TG, FBS and SBP, (p=0.018, p=0.04, p=0.026 respectively) but there was no relationship between calcium and metabolic syndrome components.

Conclusion: There was no significant association between vitamin D dietary and metabolic syndrome, although between vitamin D intake and the risk of high levels of FBS, TG and SBP inverse relationship were shown, although there is no significant relationship between calcium intake and metabolic syndrome.

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Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2016/02/17 | Accepted: 2016/02/17 | Published: 2016/02/17

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