Volume 9, Issue 2 (9-2007)                   yafte 2007, 9(2): 63-68 | Back to browse issues page


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Khalilzadeh S, Baghaei N, Bolorsaz M R, Masjedi M R. Pediatric Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: A Case Series report. yafte. 2007; 9 (2) :63-68
URL: http://yafte.lums.ac.ir/article-1-38-en.html

Abstract:   (10909 Views)

Khalilzadeh S1, Baghaei N2, Bolorsaz MR1, Masjedi MR3

1. Associate professor, Department of pediatrics, Education, research and treatment center of tuberculosis and long diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of medical sciences

2. Assistant professor, Department of pediatrics, Education, research and treatment center of tuberculosis and long diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of medical sciences

3. professor, Department of internal, Education, research and treatment center of tuberculosis and long diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of medical sciences

Abstract

Background: Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic rare disease with unknown etiology which is usually fatal and occurs mostly in adults. This disease is extremely rare in children and infants.

Case presentation: Eight children with IPF who were examined in the pediatric department of Masih Daneshvari Hospital during 2001-2004 have been reported.

There were 5 boys and 3 girls at the age range of 7 to 13 years (mean age 10.2 yrs). Clinical symptoms were cough and dyspnea in all patients which were progressive and exacerbated by recurrent respiratory infections. In clinical examination, crackles were found in both lungs of all patients while cyanosis and clubbing were detected in 5 subjects. Chest x ray showed reticulonodular and bullocystic patterns in 6 and 2 cases respectively. Pulmonary function tests in all patients were in concord with those of pulmonary restrictive diseases.

To make a definite diagnosis, lung biopsy was performed in all patients which showed histologic changes in accord with IPF. Patients were mostly treated with steroids. In the present study, the prognosis of disease has been good in our patients and only one death occurred due to respiratory failure.

Conclusion: To our knowledge, this study is the first report of P.I.P.F (Pediatric Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis) in Iran. Other cases of this disease may be found in other medical centers which should be collected and evaluated by the researchers.

Full-Text [PDF 168 kb]   (1135 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2009/01/24

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