Volume 13, Number 4 (3-2012)                   yafte 2012, 13(4): 65-71 | Back to browse issues page


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Fallah E, Mahami-Oskouei M, Safaiyan A, Mirsamadi N, Hamzavi F, Mahami-Oskouei L. The effect of keeping pet dogs and cats on Toxocariasis . yafte. 2012; 13 (4) :65-71
URL: http://yafte.lums.ac.ir/article-1-644-en.html

Department of Parasitology , Tabriz University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (8779 Views)
Background : Toxocariasis is a zoonotic disease caused by the migration or presence of Toxocara canis or Toxocara cati larva in human tissues or organs. Human become infected by ingestion of soil or contaminated raw or half-cooked meat (Paratenic hosts) containing Toxocara larva. The present study was conducted to determine Toxocara infection in the dog and cat owners and compare the results with infection in individuals who do not have the history of keeping these pets. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, by random sampling, 558 (405 individuals who do not have dog and cat and 153 dog and cat owners) of 2-20 years old persons were selected in Tabriz during 2009-2010. Serum samples were investigated using ELISA method for the presence of anti-toxocara antibodies and data were analyzed using Chi-square test. Results: Totally, 162 samples (94 from people in contact and 68 from people without any contact with dog and cat) had anti-toxocara IgG. Total of 558 individual samples (235 men and 323 female) 396(70.96%) were negative and 162(29.03%) were positive. There were no significant association between Toxocara infection and gender (P=0.275). Conclusion: According to the results of this study, much of the dogs and cats owners were exposed to parasite. Training of dogs and cats owners, promotion of their awareness about various ways of transmission and examination of the infections in dogs and cats and prevention of these infections are recommended.
Full-Text [PDF 169 kb]   (2440 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2012/03/5

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