Volume 10, Issue 2 (yafteh 2009)                   yafte 2009, 10(2): 13-19 | Back to browse issues page

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Rezaei F, Chalabi M, Moghim S, Moghareh Abed A, Faghri J. Prevalence of Porphyromonas gingivalis and Bacteroides forsythus in chronic Periodontitis by Multiplex PCR. yafte 2009; 10 (2) :13-19
URL: http://yafte.lums.ac.ir/article-1-75-en.html
Abstract:   (18054 Views)
Rezaei F1, Chalabi M1, Moghim SH2, Moghareh Abed A3, Faghri J1 1. Instructor, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences 2. MSc in Microbiology, Medical Biology Recearch Center, Kermanshah 3. Assistant Professor, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences 4. Assistant Professor, Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Abstract Background: Periodontitis is a common inflammatory and infectious disease which destroys the supporting structure of the teeth. Recent studies show that periodontal infection significantly increases the risk of some systemic diseases. It is generally accepted that bacterial species notably Porphyromonas gingivalis and Bacteroides forsythus are highly associated with periodontium. Molecular methods such as Multiplex PCR seem to be more sensitive and faster. Multiplex PCR alone can lower the limit of bacterial detection. Several pathogens can be detected simultaneously by this method. Materials and methods: The Subgingival plaque samples from 61 patients including 34 women and 27 men in the age range of 24-69 years and an average age of 43 suffering from chronic periodontitis with probing depth of PD³6, and from 40 periodontally healthy controls including 22 women and 18 men in the age range of 21-69 years and an average age of 41.35 were collected by sterile curette. In this study, two species-specific forward primers were used in combination with a single reverse primer. The samples DNA was extracted and Multiplex PCR was administered. Results: Porphyromonas gingivalis was detected in 51 samples (83.61%) and 16 samples (40%) of the chronic periodontitis patients and the healthy subjects respectively. Moreover, Bacteroides forsythus was detected in 32 samples (52.50%) of the chronic periodontitis patients but it was not detected in any of the samples from the healthy group. Conclusion: P. gingivalis and B. forsythus can be simultaneously detected using Multiplex PCR. The present data suggest that P. gingivalis is a more important factor in the etiology of chronic periodontitis. Further studies are needed to determine the spectrum of pathogenicity of the disease and effective management of diagnosis and treatment in order to decrease the risk of periodontal complications such as systemic infections.
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Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2009/01/31 | Accepted: 2021/06/22 | Published: 2009/01/15

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