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Emergency Medicine Department, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. Emergency Medicine Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
Abstract:   (209 Views)
Objectives: Trauma is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Head trauma and subsequent traumatic brain injury is one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality in Iran. The aim of this study was to evaluate the abnormal findings of brain computed tomography (CT) scan in motorcyclist patients with traumatic brain injury.
Methods: In this retrospective cross-sectional study (July-September 2016), all motorcyclist patients over 12 years who were referred to the Emergency Department of Shahid Rajaei Hospital in Shiraz and brain CT scan was performed for them, were included. Patients' archived medical files were reviewed and a data collection form including age, gender, and findings related to acute trauma and incidental findings were completed. The obtained data were then statistically analyzed.
Results: 642 patients were enrolled. The mean±SD of age was 33.61±17.12 years. All patients were male. 51 patients (7.9%) had abnormal findings in their brain CT scan. The most findings were skull-based (23%) and cranial linear (17%) fractures. No incidental findings (findings unrelated to acute trauma) were found. 8 patients (15.7%) died with abnormal findings in their brain CT scan.
Conclusion: Since in the present study, only 7.9% of the patients had abnormal findings in their brain CT scan and considering the comparison of the results of this study with other similar studies, it seems that using brain CT scan in this center is high.
Type of Study: Research | Subject: مغز و اعصاب
Received: 2021/01/3 | Accepted: 2021/06/26

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