Volume 24, Issue 2 (7-2022)                   yafte 2022, 24(2): 1-14 | Back to browse issues page

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Zafar Mohtashami A, Lashkarara G R, Etemadi Y. Cancer epidemiology in Lorestan province from 2014 to 2017 - Cancer registration program report. yafte 2022; 24 (2) :1-14
URL: http://yafte.lums.ac.ir/article-1-3510-en.html
MSc Health, MPH, Deputy of Health of Lorestan University of Medical Sciences,Khorramabad, Iran
Abstract:   (406 Views)
Background: Cancer remains the second leading cause of death globally, with more than half of cancer cases occurring in developing countries. For cancer prevention and control, we need to determine the burden of cancer and its changes according to diverse factors, such as age and gender. It is mandatory to expand the cancer registration system and supervise its functions carefully. The information obtained from Lorestan Cancer Registry will be utilized for therapeutic, research, and academic purposes.
Materials and Methods: The residents of Lorestan province from 2014-2017 were regarded as the target population. The registered cancer cases in pathology centers, medical records, imaging centers, and death registration centers were considered the incident cases. Crude and age-standardized incidence rates were calculated using the standard population of the World Health Organization. We used the population census of 2010 and 2015 for calculations. The data were analyzed in SPSS software (version 26). The significance level was set at 0.05.
Results: In this study, the rate of cancer in Lorestan was higher in men (103.37 per 100,000) than that in women (83.30 per 100,000). The most common registered cancers in Lorestan were stomach, breast, and skin. Within the study period time, the highest median age scores (in years) were recorded as 74, 69, and 66 for prostate, esophagus, and stomach cancers, while the lowest median age scores were reported as 45, 43, and 48 for the brain, thyroid , and breast cancers, respectively.
Conclusion: The incidence of colorectal and lung cancer is on the rise in Lorestan province, which needs more investigation. It is necessary to review the administration of the cancer registration program to ensure that the contribution of data collection resources is reasonable and within the expected range. The incidence rate of some cancers in Borujerd was higher than that in the entire province, which requires etiological studies.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: داخلی
Received: 2022/04/19 | Accepted: 2022/06/8 | Published: 2022/09/12

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