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Background: Early childhood is a critical period for the development of cognitive, linguistic, social and motor abilities. Due to the importance of early detection of developmental delays in children, this study was conducted to investigate the effect of preterm birth and birth weight on the development of developmental skills in children aged 12 to 36 months in Khorramabad.

Materials and Methods: A total of 125 children in three groups were surveyed with a questionnaire of ages and stages in five developmental areas. Research data were analyzed using SPSS software, version 22. In this study, in addition to descriptive methods to model the effect of "age and birth weight" on "different areas of child development", five logistic regression models were used separately.
Results: According to the findings, 47.2% (n = 59) of the children under study had preterm birth, 16.8% (n = 21) had low birth and term weight, and 36% (n = 45) had normal birth and term weight. The rate of developmental delay in screening of children in the study who had at least one delay in one area was 49.6% with the highest delay in fine movements 15.2% and the lowest delay in problem solving 6.4%. In addition, 9.6% of children were abnormal in communication, 9.6% in large movements and 8.8% in Personal-social.
Conclusion: Low birth weight in full-term infants is a risk factor for delay in communication and fine motor skills, while preterm birth is a risk factor in the personal-social domain. Premature birth and low birth weight are risk factors for developmental delays in children that require early screening to diagnose and prevent future complications.
Type of Study: Research | Subject: زنان
Received: 2022/03/15 | Accepted: 2022/06/13

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